How to automatically detect and crop individual sprite bounds in sprite sheet?

Issue

Given a sprite sheet like this:

Sprite Sheet Example

I would like to write an algorithm that can loop through the pixel data and determine the bounding rectangle of each discreet sprite.

If we assume that for each pixel X, Y that I can pull either true (pixel is not totally transparent) or false (pixel is totally transparent), how would I go about automatically generating the bounding rectangles for each sprite?

The resulting data should be an array of rectangle objects with {x, y, width, height}.

Here’s the same image but with the bounds of the first four sprites marked in light blue:

Sprite Sheet With Bounds

Can anyone give a step-by-step on how to detect these bounds as described above?

Solution

How about this? The only downside is that you’ll need a writable version of your image to mark visited pixels in, or the floodfill will never terminate.

Process each* scan line in turn
  For each scanline, walk from left to right, until you find a non-transparent pixel P.
    If the location of P is already inside a known bounded box
      Continue to the right of the bounded box
    Else
      BBox = ExploreBoundedBox(P)
      Add BBox to the collection of known bounded boxes

Function ExploreBoundedBox(pStart)
  Q = new Queue(pStart)
  B = new BoundingBox(pStart)

  While Q is not empty
    Dequeue the front element as P
    Expand B to include P

    For each of the four neighbouring pixels N
      If N is not transparent and N is not marked
        Mark N
        Enqueue N at the back of Q

  return B

You don’t need to process every scanline, you could do every 10th, or every 30th scanline. As long as it doesn’t exceed the minimum sprite height.

Answered By – Leon Bouquiet

Answer Checked By – Marie Seifert (AngularFixing Admin)

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