# How to measure xgboost regressor accuracy using accuracy_score (or other suggested function)

## Issue

I’m making a code to solve a simple problem of predict the probability of an item missing from an inventory.

I’m using the XGBoost prediction model to do this.

I have the data split in two .csv files, one with the Train Data and other with the Test Data

Here is the code:

``````    import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

train = pd.read_csv('C:/Users/pedro/Documents/Pedro/UFMG/8o periodo/Python/Trabalho Final/train.csv', index_col='sku').fillna(-1)
test = pd.read_csv('C:/Users/pedro/Documents/Pedro/UFMG/8o periodo/Python/Trabalho Final/test.csv', index_col='sku').fillna(-1)

X_train, y_train = train.drop('isBackorder', axis=1), train['isBackorder']

import xgboost as xgb
xg_reg = xgb.XGBRegressor(objective ='reg:linear', colsample_bytree = 0.3, learning_rate = 0.1,
max_depth = 10, alpha = 10, n_estimators = 10)
xg_reg.fit(X_train,y_train)

y_pred = xg_reg.predict(test)

# Create file for the competition submission
test['isBackorder'] = y_pred
pred = test['isBackorder'].reset_index()
pred.to_csv('competitionsubmission.csv',index=False)
``````

And here is the functions where i try to measure the accuracy of the problem (Using RMSE and the accuracy_scores function and do a KFold cross validation

``````#RMSE
from sklearn.metrics import mean_squared_error

rmse = np.sqrt(mean_squared_error(y_train, y_pred))
print("RMSE: %f" % (rmse))

#Accuracy
from sklearn.metrics import accuracy_score

# make predictions for test data
predictions = [round(value) for value in y_pred]

# evaluate predictions
accuracy = accuracy_score(y_test, y_pred)
print("Accuracy: %.2f%%" % (accuracy * 100.0))

#KFold
from sklearn.model_selection import KFold
from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_score

# CV model
kfold = KFold(n_splits=10, random_state=7)
results = cross_val_score(xg_reg, X_train, y_train, cv=kfold)
print("Accuracy: %.2f%% (%.2f%%)" % (results.mean()*100, results.std()*100))
``````

But i’m having some problems.

None of the accuracy test above works.

When using the RMSE function and the Accuracy function, the following error appears:
ValueError: Found input variables with inconsistent numbers of samples: [1350955, 578982]

I guess that the Train and Test Data split structure that i’m using are not correct.

Since i don’t have a y_test (and i don’t know how to create it in my problem), i can’t use it at the function’s above parameters.

The K Fold validation isn’t working too.

Can someone help me PLEASE?

## Solution

Your only issue is that you need validation data. You can’t measure accuracy between the `predict(x_test)` and a non-existing `y_test`. Use `sklearn.model_selection.train_test_split` to make a validation set based on your training data. You will have a train, validation, and test set. You can evaluate the performance of your model on the validation set.

``````from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(x, y)
``````

Other remarks:

Accuracy makes no sense here because you’re trying to predict on continuous values. Only use accuracy for categorical variables.

At a minimum, this could work:

``````import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
import xgboost as xgb
from sklearn.metrics import mean_squared_error
from sklearn.model_selection import KFold
from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_score

train = pd.read_csv('C:/Users/pedro/Documents/Pedro/UFMG/8o periodo/Python/Trabalho Final/train.csv', index_col='sku').fillna(-1)
test_data = pd.read_csv('C:/Users/pedro/Documents/Pedro/UFMG/8o '
'periodo/Python/Trabalho Final/test.csv', index_col='sku').fillna(-1)

x, y = train.drop('isBackorder', axis=1), train['isBackorder']
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(x, y)

xg_reg = xgb.XGBRegressor(objective ='reg:linear', colsample_bytree = 0.3, learning_rate = 0.1,
max_depth = 10, alpha = 10, n_estimators = 10)

xg_reg.fit(X_train,y_train)

kfold = KFold(n_splits=10, random_state=7)
results = cross_val_score(xg_reg, X_train, y_train, cv=kfold)
y_test_pred = xg_reg.predict(X_test)

mse = mean_squared_error(y_test_pred, y_test)

y_pred = xg_reg.predict(X_test)

pd.DataFrame(y_pred).to_csv('competitionsubmission.csv',index=False)
``````

Answered By – Nicolas Gervais

Answer Checked By – Timothy Miller (AngularFixing Admin)