NGINX not routing calls from react app to backend app

Issue

I have an AWS Ubuntu server that hosts a react front end running at 127.0.0.1:4100 and makes api calls to a Go app using port 127.0.0.1:1323. I installed Nginx and setup proxy pass for these two ports in /etc/nginx/sites-available/default config file but I only get the front end getting called by Nginx. Using chrome inspect to check why the Go app is not serving some of the functionalities from the react app, I see this error

client.js:772 GET http://127.0.0.1:1323/api/ net::ERR_CONNECTION_REFUSED
ERROR Error: Request has been terminated Possible causes: the network is offline, Origin is not allowed by Access-Control-Allow-Origin, the page is being unloaded, etc.

What am I doing wrong? Below is my default config file

server { 

listen 80 default_server; 
listen [::]:80 default_server; 

server_name _; 

location / { 

proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:4100; 

} 

location /api { 

proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:1323/; 

 } 
}

Solution

Your server is listening to port 80:

listen 80 default_server; 
listen [::]:80 default_server; 

So, you should make your request to that port:

GET http://127.0.0.1/api/     => http://127.0.0.1:1323/
GET http://127.0.0.1:80/api/  => http://127.0.0.1:1323/
GET http://127.0.0.1/         => http://127.0.0.1:4100/
GET http://127.0.0.1:80/      => http://127.0.0.1:4100/

Then nginx should correctly proxy your requests.

Update

To be more clear about nginx config.

server { 

listen 80 default_server;  // The port nginx is listening to ipv4
listen [::]:80 default_server; // The port nginx is listening to ipv6

server_name _; 

location / { // When you call this location...

proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:4100; // You'll be redirected to this location

} 

location /api { // When you call this location...

proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:1323/; // You'll be redirected to this location

 } 
}

Your configuration is okay according to nginx docs.

You said your client is trying to reach http://127.0.0.1:1323/api/ but It should be requesting http://127.0.0.1/api/ (whitout the port) to be redirected to http://127.0.0.1:1323/.

Here’s another example:

server { 

    listen 80; 

    server_name localhost anywebsite.com; 

    location ~* ^/MyApp {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:5130;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection keep-alive;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_send_timeout 2m;
        proxy_read_timeout 2m;
    }
}

In this case, everytime my url ends with /MyApp ex.: http://anywebsite.com/api/MyApp I’m being proxyed to http://localhost:5130. But if I try to access http://localhost:5130 or http://anywebsite.com:5130/api/MyApp I won’t be able because nginx is listening to port 80 only. If you want to access another port you need to specify like this:

server {
    listen 80; 
    listen 5130; 

[...]

Answered By – tgarcia

Answer Checked By – Clifford M. (AngularFixing Volunteer)

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