Numpy sum of 2D array along axis=1, floating range


I would like to perform a sum of a 2D array over the second axis, but on a range which is variable. Not vectorised it is:`

import numpy as np

nx = 3
ny = 5
a = np.ones((nx, ny))
left_bnd  = np.array([0, 1, 0])
right_bnd = np.array([2, 2, 4])

b = np.zeros(nx)
for jx in range(nx):
    b[jx] = np.sum(a[jx, left_bnd[jx]: right_bnd[jx]])


The output, b, is [2. 1. 4.]
I’d love to vectorise the loop, sort of

b = np.sum(a[:, left_bnd[:]: right_bnd[:], axis=1)

to speed up the calculation, because my "n" is typically a few 1e6. Unfortunately I cannot find a proper working syntax.


A jitted numba implementation with manual summation in a for loop is around ~100x faster. Using np.sum with slicing inside the numba function was only half as fast. This solution assumes that all slices are within valid bounds.

Generation of sufficiently large sample data for benchmarking

import numpy as np
import numba as nb
np.random.seed(42)    # just for reproducibility

n, m = 5000, 100
a = np.random.rand(n,m)
bnd_l, bnd_r = np.sort(np.random.randint(m+1, size=(n,2))).T

Jitted with numba. Please make sure to benchmark compiled hot code by running the function at least twice.

def slice_sum(a, bnd_l, bnd_r):
    b = np.zeros(a.shape[0])
    for j in range(a.shape[0]):
        for i in range(bnd_l[j], bnd_r[j]):
            b[j] += a[j,i]
    return b
slice_sum(a, bnd_l, bnd_r)


# %timeit 1000 loops, best of 5: 297 ┬Ás per loop
array([ 4.31060848, 35.90684722, 38.03820523, ..., 37.9578962 ,
        3.61011028,  6.53631388])

With numpy inside a python loop (this is a nice, simple implementation)

b = np.zeros(n)
for j in range(n):
    b[j] = np.sum(a[ j, bnd_l[j] : bnd_r[j] ])


# %timeit 10 loops, best of 5: 29.2 ms per loop
array([ 4.31060848, 35.90684722, 38.03820523, ..., 37.9578962 ,
        3.61011028,  6.53631388])

To verify the results are equal

np.testing.assert_allclose(slice_sum(a, bnd_l, bnd_r), b)

Answered By – Michael Szczesny

Answer Checked By – Timothy Miller (AngularFixing Admin)

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