Scaling an image to fit on canvas

Issue

I have a form that allows a user to upload an image.

Once the image is loaded, we perform some scaling on it in order to reduce its filesize before we pass it back to the server.

To do this, we place it on the canvas and manipulate it there.

This code will render the scaled image on the canvas, with the canvas of size 320 x 240px:

ctx.drawImage(img, 0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height)

… where canvas.width and canvas.height is the image height and width x a scaling factor based on the size of the original image.

But when I go to use the code:

ctx.drawImage(img, 0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height, 0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height

… I only get part of the image on the canvas, in this case the top left corner. I need the whole image ‘scaled’ to fit on the canvas, despite the actual image size being larger than the 320×240 canvas size.

So for the code above, the width and heights are 1142×856, as that is the final image size. I need to maintain that size to pass beck to the server when the form is submitted, but only want a smaller view of it to appear in the canvas for the user.

What am I missing here? Can anyone point me in the right direction please?

Many thanks in advance.

Solution

Provide the source image (img) size as the first rectangle:

ctx.drawImage(img, 0, 0, img.width,    img.height,     // source rectangle
                   0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height); // destination rectangle

The second rectangle will be the destination size (what source rectangle will be scaled to).

Update 2016/6: For aspect ratio and positioning (ala CSS’ “cover” method), check out:
Simulation background-size: cover in canvas

Answered By – user1693593

Answer Checked By – Marilyn (AngularFixing Volunteer)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.