Tensorflow Keras Shape mismatch

Issue

While trying to implement a standard MNIST digit recognizer that many tutorials use to introduce you to neural networks, I’m encountering the error

ValueError: Shape mismatch: The shape of labels (received (1,)) should equal the shape of logits except for the last dimension (received (28, 10)).

I would like to use from_tensor_slices to process the data, since I want to apply the code to another problem where the data comes from a CSV file. Anyway, here is the code producing the error in the line model.fit(...)

import tensorflow as tf

train_dataset, test_dataset = tf.keras.datasets.mnist.load_data()
train_images, train_labels = train_dataset
train_images = train_images/255.0
train_dataset_tensor = tf.data.Dataset.from_tensor_slices((train_images, train_labels))

num_of_validation_data = 10000
validation_data = train_dataset_tensor.take(num_of_validation_data)
train_data = train_dataset_tensor.skip(num_of_validation_data)

model = tf.keras.Sequential([
    tf.keras.layers.Flatten(),
    tf.keras.layers.Dense(100, activation='sigmoid'),
    tf.keras.layers.Dense(10, activation='softmax')
])

model.compile(
    optimizer=tf.keras.optimizers.Adam(learning_rate=1e-3), 
    loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
    metrics=['accuracy']
)

model.fit(train_data, batch_size=50, epochs=5)

performance = model.evaluate(validation_data)

I don’t understand where the shape (28, 10) of the logits comes from, I thought I was flattening the image, essentially making a 1D vector out of the 2D image? How can I prevent the error?

Solution

You can use the following code

mnist = tf.keras.datasets.mnist

(x_train, y_train), (x_test, y_test) = mnist.load_data()
x_train, x_test = x_train / 255.0, x_test / 255.0

x_train = x_train[..., tf.newaxis]
x_test = x_test[..., tf.newaxis]

train_ds = tf.data.Dataset.from_tensor_slices(
    (x_train, y_train)).shuffle(10000).batch(32)
test_ds = tf.data.Dataset.from_tensor_slices((x_test, y_test)).batch(32)

model = tf.keras.models.Sequential([
    tf.keras.layers.Flatten(),
    tf.keras.layers.Dense(100, activation='sigmoid'),
    tf.keras.layers.Dense(10, activation='softmax')
])

model.compile(
    optimizer=tf.keras.optimizers.Adam(learning_rate=1e-3), 
    loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
    metrics=['accuracy']
)

model.fit(train_ds)

Answered By – Yoskutik

Answer Checked By – Gilberto Lyons (AngularFixing Admin)

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